They can look back on their memories and be happy with the way they have lived their life. Now, too many elderly people are not satisfied and look at this stage as depressing. Most fear death of either a loved one or for themselves. This topic is interesting to me because elderly people should make the best of their last stage of life.
However, in terms of recurrence rates Late adulthood and depression symptom severity, there is no gender difference. These risk factors then combine with the typical stresses and challenges of adolescent development to trigger the onset of depression.
However, some data showed an opposite conclusion. Most depression symptoms are reported more frequently by females; such as sadness reported by Women have a higher probability to experience depression than men, with the prevalences of Before adolescence rates of depression are about the same in girls and boys, it is not until between the ages of that is begins to change.
Young girls around this age, physically, go through more changes than young boys which put that a higher risk for depression and hormonal imbalance.
The gender gap in depression between adolescent men and women is mostly due to young women's lower levels of positive thinking, need for approval, and self-focusing negative conditions. Adolescents with depression are also likely to have a family history of depression, though the correlation is not as high as it is for children.
These activities may include school, extracurricular activities, or peer interactions. Depressive moods in children can be expressed as being unusually irritable, which may be displayed by "acting out," behaving recklessly, or often reacting with anger or hostility.
Children who do not have the cognitive or language development to properly express mood states can also exhibit their mood through physical complaints such as showing sad facial expressions frowning and poor eye contact.
A child must also exhibit four other symptoms in order to be clinically diagnosed. However, according to the Omnigraphics Health References Series: Depression Sourcebook, Third Edition,  a more calculated evaluation must be given by a medical or mental health professional such as a physiologist or psychiatrist.
If these symptoms are present for a period of two weeks or longer, it is safe to make the assumption that the child, or anybody else for that matter, is falling into major depression. Correlation between adolescent depression and adulthood obesity[ edit ] According to research conducted by Laura P.
After adjusting for each individual's baseline body mass index calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in metersdepressed late adolescent girls were at a greater than 2-fold increased risk for obesity in adulthood compared with their non-depressed female peers relative risk, 2.
A dose-response relationship between the number of episodes of depression during adolescence, and risk for adult obesity was also observed in female subjects. The association was not observed for late adolescent boys or for early adolescent boys or girls.
They are much more likely to develop heart disease as adults. Therefore, in a neurological sense, children and adolescents express depression differently. History[ edit ] Professionals first became aware of child abuse in the early s, so it is possible that some of the young people identified with depressive disorders may have had a history of sexual abuse, which was not disclosed.
This raises the question of what the outcome would have been in those young people if they had disclosed the abuse and received appropriate therapeutic interventions. It is well-known that childhood sexual abuse is a significant factor in the history of some adults with depressive syndromes.
In the past, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD was not recognized, and hyperkinetic disorder was only rarely diagnosed. Some young people, especially those with comorbid conduct disorder and major depressive disorder, may have had undiagnosed and untreated ADHD.
Before the use of psycho-stimulants, some young people may have been more vulnerable to development of depressive syndromes because of untreated attentional and other behavioural problems which reduce their self-esteem.
Although antidepressants were used by child and adolescent psychiatrists to treat major depressive disorder, they may not always have been used in young people with a comorbid conduct disorder because of the risks of overdose in such a population.
Tricyclic antidepressant were the predominant antidepressants used at that time in this population. This raises the possibility that more effective treatment of these young people might also improve their outcomes in adult life.
Appropriate treatment and follow-up should be provided for adolescents who screen positive. Psychotherapy and medications are commonly used treatment options.
In some research, adolescents showed a preference for psychotherapy rather than antidepressant medication for treatment. These treatments focus on immediate symptom reduction by concentrating on teaching children skills pertaining to primary and secondary control.
These can assist people to live more fully and have a better life. Aims of cognitive therapy include various steps of patient learning. Interpersonal therapy[ edit ] Interpersonal therapy helps one learn to relate better with others, express feelings, and develop better social skills.
Psychotherapy[ edit ] Psychotherapy teaches coping skills while allowing the teens or children to explore feelings and events in a safe environment. Therapists strive to understand not just what the group members say, but how these ideas are communicated process.
Therapists can help families improve the way they relate and thus enhance their own capacity to deal with the content of their problems by focusing on the process of their discussions.
Virginia Satir expanded on the concept of how individuals behave and communicate in groups by describing several family roles that can serve to stabilize expected characteristic behavior patterns in a family.
For instance, if one child is considered to be a "rebel child", a sibling may take on the role of the "good child" to alleviate some of the stress in the family.Jul 24, · Causes and Risk Factors for Late-Life Depression.
Researchers tend to agree that late-onset depression is not caused by a single root cause, rather it is the delicate interplay of genetic, physical, and environmental risk factors working together to cause this srmvision.com: Valley Behavioral Health System.
Free term papers & essays - Late Adulthood and Depression, Psychology. Understanding Dementia in Late Adulthood What Is Dementia? Dementia is a not a specific disease, but rather an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or mental abilities.
One that has always interested me the most is Thantaphobia that occurs during late adulthood, and the negative impacts it can have on a person’s quality of life. Thantaphobia, or death anxiety, is the fear or anxiety that is felt in regard to one’s own impending death. Parents dealing with infant death have a very hard time and depression is a common reaction.
_____ is also difficult, especially since others do not attribute much meaning to . Emotional and Social Development in Late Adulthood My Account ; Go PRO ; Business ; Emotional and Social Development in Late Adulthood + Flag.
Flag as Inappropriate of strongest risk factors for late-life depression Relation between physical health and well being can be vicious cycle Depression in old age can lead to suicide – age.