All the clip there is a struggle. It is nevertheless rare to hear people speaking on the effects these struggles can hold on the natural environment or which stairss have been taken to protect the natural environment from such struggles. The natural environment for a long clip has been a soundless victim of the struggles that occurs either locally or internationally go forthing the reverberations to be felt for rather some clip. There are many pollutants that are released in the environment during the war which can stop up impacting the natural resources.
With no end in sight for the turmoil, Ahmad Sikainga, a native of Sudan and Professor of History at Ohio State University, explores the origins and current status of the Darfur conflict.
The author and Origins are grateful to both centers. For the past four years, the remote Sudanese region of Darfur has been the scene of a bloody conflict that has led to the death of thousands of people and the displacement of more than two million. However, much of the media coverage tends to follow the familiar patterns of sensationalizing the story rather than providing a nuanced analysis of the root causes.
The Darfur tragedy has often been reduced to pictures of miserable refugees living in squalid conditions and caricatured accounts of "Arabs" killing "Black African Muslims. Behind the tragic events in Darfur lies a complex history of deeply entrenched social inequalities, an environmental crisis and competition over natural resources, conflicting notions of identity, the militarization of rural societies, and, above all, a chronic problem of bad governance that has plagued the Sudan since its independence from British colonial rule in The population of Darfur was estimated in at about six million, eighty percent of whom live in the rural areas.
At the outset, it is important to dispel a number of misconceptions that have characterized the media coverage of the Darfur conflict. Labeling it as one between "Arabs" and "Black Africans" is misleading.
In reality, there are no visible racial or religious differences between the warring parties in Darfur. All parties involved in the conflict—whether they are referred to as "Arab" or "African"—are equally indigenous, equally black, and equally Muslim.
Darfurians represent a multitude of ethnic and linguistic groups. These diverse groups are dispersed among each other and share similar physical and cultural characteristics.
A long history of internal migration, mixing, and intermarriage in Darfur have created remarkable ethnic fluidity: For instance, in the Darfur context, for the most part the term "Arab" is used as an occupational rather than an ethnic label, for the majority of the Arabic speaking groups are pastoralists.
On the other hand, most of the non-Arab groups are sedentary farmers. However, even these occupational boundaries are often crossed. For several centuries, the Fur were the dominant political power in the region, particularly in the pre-colonial era.
In the seventeenth century they established a kingdom that shared many of the characteristics of other Muslim states in the Sahelian belt. The Sahel or the Sudanic belt refers to the region south of the Sahara Desert, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Nile basin in the east.
From its capital at Al-Fasher, the Darfur kingdom established extensive political and commercial links with these states as well as with Egypt and North Africa. The Fur kingdom remained the leading regional power until it was destroyed in by the forces of Al-Zubair Rahmad, the northern Sudanese trader and adventurer, who brought it under the Turco-Egyptian colonial administration Turco-Egyptian rule was overthrown in by an Islamic revivalist movement—known as the Mahdiyya—led by Muhammad Ahmad ibn Abdalla, who claimed to be the Mahdi or the guided one.
|Multinational Operations in Darfur Buy custom Multinational Operations in Darfur essay Since it gained independence inSudan has experienced internal warfare for all years except only ten.|
Many Darfurians supported the Mahdiyya and were among its most loyal followers. The Mahdist state ruled the Sudan until when it was conquered by the Anglo-Egyptian armies. Following the establishment of an Anglo-Egyptian regime, the kingdom of Darfur was revived by Ali Dinar, a descendant of the royal lineage of the earlier kingdom, and a general in the Mahdist army.
Since its independence inSudan has been bedeviled by a succession of civil wars and political instability. The Darfur conflict should be seen as part of these larger, ongoing series of Sudanese crises, with one conflict spilling from one part of the country to another.
The first and the most notorious of these struggles was the North—South conflict, which ended with the signing of the peace agreement in after two rounds of fighting, and Regional conflicts also occurred in the Nuba Mountains, the Upper Blue Nile, and the Beja region in the eastern parts of the country.
The Environment The current Darfur conflict is a product of an explosive combination of environmental, political, and economic factors. It is well known that environmental degradation and competition over shrinking resources have played, and continue to play, a critical role in communal conflicts in the Sahelian countries such as Mali, Niger, and Chad.
In this regard, Darfur is no exception. The Darfur region consists of a number of climatic zones. The southern part lies within the rich savanna, which receives considerable rainfall.
The central part is a plateau where the mountain of Jebel Marra dominates the landscape. The northern part of Darfur is a desert that extends all the way to the Egyptian and Libyan borders.
Crop farming is the main economic activity of the majority of the population. Cultivation depends heavily on rainfall and land fertility, rendering the population vulnerable to climatic changes and natural disasters. Particularly in the s and s, drought, desertification, and population growth combined to produce a sharp decline in food production and with it widespread famine.
Also at the heart of the competition over resources is the question of land ownership.The crisis in Darfur is an ongoing tragedy. The response of the international community to this crisis will be closely monitored by governments, international organizations, and scholars worldwide.
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1 The Genocide in Darfur – Briefing Paper September Background Sudan is the largest country in Africa, located just south of Egypt on the eastern edge of the. The Crisis in Darfur, Sudan Genocide, the attempt to destroy a people because of their presumed race or ethnicity, remains alive and well.
The definition of genocide as given in the Webster’s Dictionary is “The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.”. 3/20/14 Period 10 Genocide in Darfur In , a genocide began in the Darfur region of Sudan.
According to the website, “World Without Genocide” the Sudanese government armed arab militia groups to attack ethnic affair srmvision.com has escalated to the mass slaughter of , people. The Sudanese government called this campaign “getting at the fish by draining the sea”.