La Salle University 1. Jesus and the Politics of His Day. Cambridge University Press,
As in the area of the doctrine of the Trinity, the general development of Christology has been characterized by a plurality of views and formulations.
Solutions intermediate between the positions of Antioch and Alexandria were constantly proposed. Two particular solutions became so controversial… Sources and concepts The basic sources for the historical development of Christology are the New Testament, containing the foundational Christian writings; the creeds of Christianity, especially those from the first five centuries; and the reflections of theologians.
Clearly, those three are interrelated, with theological reflection occupying a pivotal place.
Theologians explicated what they understood to be the meaning of both the New Testament and the creeds. In so doing they played a crucial role in the formulation of the Christological creeds.
The argument has also been put forward that the liturgy of early Christianity played an incisive role in the formulation of the creeds, including those of Christology. By permission of the British Library Reflections about Jesus dominated Christian discourse from the apostolic age onward.
Most of that Christological reflection took place in the eastern Mediterranean, where it utilized the language Greek and concepts of Classical antiquity. The Christological debate is quite unintelligible without an awareness of how it was shaped by that context.
Since there seem to be echoes of Classical concepts in Scripture, it is not surprising that Christian theologians appropriated them in order to explicate the meaning of Christian affirmations.
Two notions in particular played important roles: Logos theology, which was formulated by the Jewish philosopher Philosought to describe how God is active and effective through the divine will, reason, and power.
That activity was named the logos Greek: Christian reflection understood Jesus as the manifestation of the divine will, reason, and power and therefore applied the concept of the logos to him—dramatically so in the opening of The Gospel According to John. The good thus existed with God before any earthly appearance, which is merely the transition from hiding to manifestation.
The concept of preexistence is related to the notion that there is nothing that God does not know, that there is neither past nor future with God, and that God is the Lord of History. In the New Testament, notions of preexistence, which Christian exegetes have found expressed in the Hebrew Bible, are applied to Jesus.
The Letter of Paul to the Philippians 2: According to the apostle PaulJesus is voluntarily obedient in his descent from heavenwhich is followed by his return there. Early history The four Gospels portray Jesus as having had a sense of mission much like the prophets in the Hebrew Bible, and they declare that Jesus saw himself as the decisive revelation of God to his people.
That revelation consisted of his teachings, both about himself and about his role. Throughout the more than 2, years of Christian history, there has been what might be called a dual emphasis with regard to Jesus: The earliest Christological reflection focused on the titles given to Jesus in the apostolic writings.
Those titles, some of which were used more widely than others, derived in one way or another from the Hebrew Scriptures. Jesus was also described as judge and as high priest as in the Epistle to the Hebrews. It was used in the liturgy, however, and the iconography of the lamb, generally depicted with a crossbecame one of the foremost Christian symbols.
Another title used in the New Testament, but only sparingly afterward, was Servant of God. Despite its clear prominence in the Gospels, the term Son of Man enjoyed less-extensive usage.
In Jewish Scripture e. The term does not appear in the writings of the apostle Paul, and the Letter of Barnabas The appellation Son of God seemed consistent with the notion of the eternal preexistence of all that is good.
In its broadest sense, the notion of the Son of God denoted a special relationship to the Father: That affirmation marked the beginning of the orthodox Christian assertion that fully equated the Son of God with God, the Son. Christian scholarship traditionally argued that the Jewish expectation of the messiah at the time of Jesus focused on a political figure who would bring redemption to Israel through political might.
Scholarship since the midth century, however, has challenged that view, insisting that the picture was far more complex. The most widely used title for Jesus was Lord Greek: Kyriosundoubtedly because for non-Jews it was more comprehensible than Christ; the former term also implied adoration.
As indicated by the preceding discussion, in the apostolic age the titles and appellations given to Jesus were often used in a guarded and tentative way, as in the Second Letter of Clement written c.
Ignatius of Antioch died c.The Historical Jesus and the Kerygmatic Christ: Essays on the New Quest for the Historical Jesus. New York: This Man Jesus. An Essay Toward a NT Christology. New York: Doubleday, Vermes, Geza.
, Raymond E. Introduction to New Testament Christology. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist. Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology [Joel B.
Green, Max Turner] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The problem of the historical Jesus remains one of the most important themes in New Testament scholarship.
Closely related to this problem is the question of how far . The name "Christ" is actually a title for Jesus. It comes from the Greek word "Christos," meaning "the Anointed One," or "Messiah" in Hebrew. Jesus is the central figure in Christianity.
His life, message, and ministry are chronicled in the four Gospels of the New Testament. Jesus of Nazareth Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology () by Joel B.
Green(ED.) & Max Turner(ED.). GUEST ARTICLE The Historicity of Jesus Christ E.F. Harrison wrote: Some religions, both ancient and modern, require no historical basis, for they depend upon ideas rather than events.
Christianity is not one of these (, 11). The religion of Jesus Christ stands or falls upon the events of history. Did Jesus of Nazareth ever live?
Is the New Testament data [ ]. Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology Overview Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology.